Warts are rough, raised bumps on the skin caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). They are contagious and can spread through direct contact with an infected person or contaminated surfaces. There are over 100 different types of HPV, and different types cause different warts. Common types include:

  • Common warts: Rough, raised bumps with a cauliflower-like appearance, typically on the hands and fingers.
  • Plantar warts: Hard, tender warts on the soles of the feet.
  • Flat warts: Small, smooth, flesh-colored warts, often on the face, hands, or legs.

Causes: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the cause of warts. HPV can be spread through skin-to-skin contact or contact with contaminated objects.

Treatments: Several treatment options exist for warts, including over-the-counter topical medications containing salicylic acid, cryotherapy (freezing), and in-office procedures like laser therapy or surgical removal. Consulting a dermatologist for diagnosis and treatment is recommended.

Disclaimer: Treatment success rates for warts vary depending on the type and severity. While some warts may clear up on their own, others may require persistent treatment to prevent recurrence.