Melasma, also known as “the mask of pregnancy,” is a type of hyperpigmentation that causes brown or grayish patches on the face, often symmetrical and affecting the cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose, and upper lip.

Causes: The exact cause is unknown, but hormonal changes (pregnancy, birth control pills) and sun exposure are major triggers. Genetics and certain medications may also play a role.

Treatments: Sun protection is paramount. Topical creams containing hydroquinone, kojic acid, or azelaic acid can help lighten dark spots. Chemical peels and laser treatments may be offered by dermatologists for stubborn cases. Consistent use and addressing triggers are crucial for successful management.

Disclaimer: Melasma can be a challenging condition to treat. While treatments can significantly improve its appearance, complete removal might not always be achievable. Sun protection and managing triggers are essential for preventing recurrence.