Hyperpigmentation refers to areas of skin that are darker than the surrounding skin. It occurs when melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color, is produced in excess.

Causes: Sun exposure is a major cause of hyperpigmentation. Other factors include hormonal changes (like those during pregnancy or with birth control pills), skin injuries, and certain medications. Certain medical conditions can also cause hyperpigmentation.

Treatments: Similar to uneven skin tone, treatment focuses on addressing the underlying cause and lightening dark spots. Topical creams, chemical peels, laser treatments, and microneedling are some options. Consulting a dermatologist for diagnosis and a personalized treatment plan is recommended.

Disclaimer: While treatments can significantly improve hyperpigmentation, complete removal might not always be achievable. Sun protection is crucial to prevent further darkening.